Throughout adulthood, there are many factors both within and beyond a person’s control that can determine whether they live a healthy and happy life, or not.

These are often interrelated and underpinned by inequalities. A large proportion of chronic diseases, for example, can be prevented by:

  • a healthier diet
  • reducing alcohol intake
  • not smoking
  • being physically active for at least 150 minutes each week
  • maintaining a healthy weight
  • reducing exposure to air pollution through active travel

Other risk factors for ill-health are more difficult for an individual to control, with events such as the implementation of “stay at home” guidance due to the Covid-19 pandemic having a profound impact on mental health and wellbeing. Those living in poverty, having low-quality or low paid work, experiencing unemployment and living in poor housing were most affected.

Data dashboard

An in-depth dashboard on this topic area is in development

Headline data can be found on the Our population page. It covers the following living well themes:

  • health behaviours and disease prevention, including diet, exercise, tobacco use and drugs and alcohol use
  • cancers and cardiovascular disease
  • mental health and wellbeing
  • health protection, including infectious diseases and vaccination
  • sexual health

Other resources

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